Oral and oropharyngeal cancer is an extremely widespread form of cancer and an issue of global health concern today. Its early detection is not only necessary but also quite simple. By adopting these preventive measures on a daily basis, one can steer clear of the risk of developing oral cancer.
The most important measure to prevent an oral cavity infection is maintaining oral hygiene by regular brushing and flossing of teeth. An unhealthy mouth breeds dangerous bacteria that weaken one's immune system, making one easily susceptible to the condition. Another preventive measure of the condition is to avoid overindulgence in alcohol. Binge drinking elevates the chances of developing an oral infection and one must never consume more than one or two drinks per day. It is also important not to smoke, chew or consume any tobacco products. Practices such as smoking are strictly to be shunned. Exposure to the sun must also be limited and an UV-A/B-blocking sunscreen must be used on the lips, especially on the lower lip which is more vulnerable when exposed to sunlight for long. Further, regular physical exercise like walking, jogging or practicing yoga is a must to boost and maintain the immune system. Identifying and incorporating cancer-fighting food items in the diet is of vital importance too. Green leafy vegetables, garlic, grapes, tomatoes, soy etc are a few examples. All fruits, vegetables or formulas rich in antioxidants like vitamin A, C, E and Folic acid help keep oral health conditions at bay. And finally, visiting a dentist regularly (at least every 6 months) for oral screenings is of vital importance. Self-examinations for lumps, discolorations, or other unusual occurrences should be conducted periodically and must be examined by a doctor if need be. By making a few effortless changes in routine, one can avoid trying situations in the future. The key to survival, hence, is timely prevention.